Dear Nurses

Saturday, July 28, 2007

ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM CASE STUDY


An aneurysm or bulge may occur in the wall of a blood
vessel like the aorta. The abdominal aorta describes that
part of the aorta that passes through the abdominal area.
Rupture of an abdominal aneurysm carries a high mortality
rate.
For more information on this topic, simply click on the link:

ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM REPAIR


Mr.S had an Abdominal Aortic Repair done.
For more information on this topic, simply click on the link:
and enjoy reading.

Saturday, July 21, 2007

CEREBRAL ANEURYSM

Bob went to the gym and pumped iron, shortly after he had an "explosive" headache. He had a ruptured brain aneurysm. For more details on a ruptured aneurysm, click on the link:
dearnurses.com/subarachnoid_hemorrage_-_a_case_study.

TREATMENT OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSM



A Cerebral Aneurysm may be repaired by clipping or embolization. Embolization is done in X-Ray under fluroscopy. Platinum coils are threaded through a catheter* in the groin and the aneurysm is filled. Wide necks may be difficult to coil.
Enjoy reading more about Cerebral Aneurysm in a Case Study(Subarachnoid Hemorrhage).
* Chapter 3 What is it? 

SYMPTOMS OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSM


FOR MORE HELPFUL INFORMTAION ON THIS TOPIC, CLICK ON THE LINK:

OVERVIEW OF CEREBRAL ANEURYSM

Read and learn about Cerebral Aneurysm in A Case Study(Subarachnoid Hemorrhage).
Hi guys,
Hope you had a good week. This week and the next will address Aneurysms both Cerebral and Abdominal ( Aortic) . Understanding and managing the care of a patient with a Cerebral Aneurysm can have great benefits if done correctly. The need for rest to avoid secondary injury to the brain cannot be over emphasized.
Neurological deficits may occur in patients with brain events, when excessive amounts of pain medication and very little rest is combined. Always follow your MD orders when medicating patients and be aware of side effects of narcotics such as lethargy and respiratory depression.
Be sure to assess and document your patient's neurological status prior to giving pain meds. This will make for a good baseline.
FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THIS TOPIC, ENJOY READING:
HAVE A GREAT WEEK!

Friday, July 13, 2007

RENAL FAILURE CAUSED BY LIVER FAILURE

Read and learn more about Renal/Liver Failure and Transplantation,(chapter 10).


This is the follow-up of Mr.O who was in liver failure and became oliguric. Renal failure very commonly accompanies liver failure. Renal transplant may be necessary. When the kidneys have failed beyond recovery, kidney transplant is often considered.

In the meantime, hemodialysis becomes necessary to rid the body of waste products.
-Carefully monitor and document the urinary output.
- Monitor and document the neurological status, as some patients may become confused while awaiting hemodialysis.
- Follow your institution's policies and MD orders for treatment of your patient.
ENJOY LEARNING MORE ABOUT RENAL/ LIVER FAILURE AND TRANSPLANTATION,
(Chapter 10).

SIMPLIFYING RENAL FAILURE


FOR MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION ON THIS TOPIC AND RENAL TRANSPLANTATION,
CLICK ON THE LINK:
CHAPTER 10.
For additional information visit: SESSIONS 2

KIDNEY FUNCTION


FOR MORE INFORMATION ON RENAL FAILURE AND TRANSPLANTATION,
CLICK ON THE LINK:

RENAL FAILURE SIMPLIFIED


Failure of the kidneys to do their normal function is very distressing to the patient. Patients may become confused because of the retained waste products. Pruritis ( itching) is also common.
Urinary output in renal may be absent ( anuria) or low(oliguria).
CAUSES OF RENAL FAILURE :
Hypovolemia - excessive volume depletion from vomiting , diarrhea , blood loss or diuretics result in decreased blood flow to the kidneys and are reversible by correction of the problem.
Drug induced renal failure may or may not be reversible. Antibiotics, contrast material used in
radiographic studies, anti- inflammatory drugs may all be causes of renal failure. Monitoring of lab values for certain drugs like Gentamicin will be an indicator of when levels are becoming toxic. Dopamine infusion which is used to increase blood pressure, may result in decreased urinary output when used in high doses.Certain vitamin supplements may cause kidney stones.
Trauma whether blunt or penetrating , surgical procedures may damage the kidneys.
Enjoy reading and learning more about Renal Failure and Transplantation,(chapter 10). at

Sunday, July 08, 2007

HEPATIC FAILURE


CLINICAL PICTURE OF A PATIENT IN HEPATIC FAILURE.
To learn more about this topic and Transplantation of the patient
in End-Stage Hepatic (Liver Failure), simply click on the link:
  (Chapters 10 & 16)
and enjoy learning.
For additional information, visit: SESSIONS 2

PARACENTESIS


PARACENTESIS IS PERFORMED TO RELIEVE ABDOMINAL PRESSURE .
BREATHING BECOMES DIFFICULT DUE TO THE ENLARGED ABDOMEN.
To learn more about Liver Failure and Transplantation, simply click on the link:
and enjoy learning.

UNDERSTANDING LIVER FAILURE




Hi guys,

The above illustrations are to help you get the clinical picture of a patient in Hepatic Failure.

The liver ia a large and very complex organ with a lot of work to do. Bile production which aids digestion , converting ammonia into urea for excretion, coagulation functions and more. Liver damage either acute or chronic is very debilitating to the patient.

Damage to the liver may have various causes. The course of illness may be short or prolonged.

Patients who have illness due to liver damage may have jaundice . This is manifested by a yellow pigmentation of the skin, sclera of the eyes and urine . The skin is typically very dry and itchy. Liver damage may also lead to kidney failure , coagulation ( clotting )problems and hepatic encephalopathy. As the liver loses the ability to do its normal functions , patients may experience bleeding problems , or become increasingly lethargic which can lead to coma.
FOR MORE HELPFUL AND UPDATED INFORMATION ON END-STAGE LIVER FAILURE AND LIVER TRANSPLANTATION , CLICK ON THE LINK:
Also visit: SESSIONS 2

HAVE A GREAT WEEK !