Dear Nurses

Saturday, October 27, 2007

EMERGENCY SITUATION FOR NURSES


Dear nurses,
Please read the information below. Enjoy learning more about the Clinical Setting.
A nurse who works in the ER can appreciate there are countless ways
that an emergency may occur. A patient who has a car accident may be
admitted for a traumatic brain injury.
Chest or abdominal trauma may also occur.
The patient who arrives in the ER will be triaged and have assessment
done by the nurse and further evaluation by the doctor.
The trauma patient is at risk for bleeding, changes in neurological 
status, cardiac or respiratory status.
Lean more: dearnurses.com 

EMERGENCY FOR NURSES

Dear nurses,

This has been a very sad week for many who had to be evacuated and lost their homes due to fires in Southern California, USA. My prayers go out to all who were involved in one way or another.
Have you ever been in an emergency situation? Have you ever been unable to get home and take care of your daily responsibilities? Whether the answer is yes or no, here are some helpful pointers:-
- try to keep an extra change of clothes and toiletries in your car, for emergency use.
- have a contact number to reach someone who can pick up your kids etc. if you are unable to do so.
- keep some non-perishable foods in your car , so you can have something to eat in an emergency.
- if there is a co-worker who has had a tragic lost, try to share your love and maybe pick up a collection to help out. Have a great week!
For more clinical information, click on the link:
http://www.dearnurses.net/the_clinical_setting_step_by_step.

CRANIAL NERVE ASSESSMENT


CRANIAL NERVE -3, THE OCULOMOTOR NERVE is responsible for constriction of the pupils.
Damage to this nerve may occur after trauma or surgical intervention.
For more helpful information on this topic, just click on the link:
STROKE SERIES -ASSESSMENT IN THE CLINICAL SETTING.

CRANIAL NERVE ASSESSMENT


Last week, CRANIAL NERVE ASSESSMENT in the Clinical Setting was begun. This week two more Cranial Nerves will be discussed. Cranial Nerve 2 -is the OPTIC NERVE which is responsible for vision. Damage to the Optic nerve may result in blindness.

Diplopia is discussed in this scenario, but is not entirely caused by damage to this nerve. Injury to the TROCHLEAR- Cranial Nerve 4, may result in diplopia ( double vision).
FOR MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION ON THIS TOPIC, JUST CLICK ON THE LINK:

Friday, October 19, 2007

UNDERSTANDING THE CRANIAL NERVES


Hi guys,

Working with patients who have had injuries to the brain or been involved in trauma, calls for a good measure of knowledge in the Clinical Setting. The goal of simplifying the Cranial Nerves, is to make it easier for nurses to understand what is happening in the brain when there is obvious injury. Simple illustrations and scenarios will be offered each week to make learning easy.
So enjoy learning more about the Cranial Nerves.

SIMPLIFYING THE CRANIAL NERVES

Following a stroke or traumatic injury, a patient may have damage to the Cranial nerves.
Understanding how to assess the function of the Cranial Nerves has been made easy for you nurses. So, enjoy learning more about Cranial Nerve Assessment.

CRANIAL NERVE ASSESSMENT


Many nurses at one time or another will be faced with the challenge of taking care of a patient who has had brain surgery or brain injury due to trauma or tumors etc. The goal is to simplify the functions of the CRANIAL NERVES so ASSESSMENT CAN BE MADE EASY. So, follow along and make assessment in the clinical setting easy!
FOR MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION ON THIS TOPIC, CLICK ON THE LINK:

HYDROCHLORIC ACID IN DIGESTION


Every nurse at some time or another is put in the position of taking care of a patient with an order for NPO or NG tube insertion. When ordered by the doctor, the stomach is kept empty
for example before surgical procedures or after trauma.
If a Nasogastic tube is inserted, instructions are usually given by the MD to put NG to suction to remove excess gastric contents. There are cases when suction is not ordered. Hydrochloric acid is present in gastric contents. Above is an overview.
Enjoy reading more about the Clinical Setting.

and watch  SESSIONS 14   - ENTERAL AND PARENTERAL FEEDING

BROWN SEQUARD SYNDROME

Brown Sequard Syndrome is a rare condition, fortunately. It may be caused by a penetrating wound or a tumor which obstructs blood flow. Its course is outlined above.

DERMATOMES IN SPINAL INJURY

Hi guys,

Hope you had a good week . I have tried to simplify the meaning of Dermatomes in spinal cord injury. If you work in an area where Spinal Injuies are treated, you may well have to take on the challenge of checking and recording the patient's sensation post injury. Some units have a chart for this purpose.
Even if you do not have a chart, you can document your findings in your nurse's
notes. Remember to follow your institution's policies.
Enjoy learning more about Spinal Injuries.
Have a great week!

Friday, October 12, 2007

THE NURSE'S ROLE IN TH CLINICAL SETTING






Dear nurses,

Have you ever considered the important role the nurse plays in the CLINICAL SETTING? Do you have the KNOWLEDGE BASE to handle such challenges? JUST CLICK ON THE LINKS :

An ongoing series of case studies and clinical situations will be presented to you. ENJOY!

THE NURSE'S ROLE IN THE CLINICAL SETTING


Dear nurses,

Have you ever considered the important role a nurse has to play in the Clinical Setting? Many hours are spent at the bedside. Having a good knowledge base in order to do an effective job, is of paramount importance. If you wish to improve your knowledge base, just click on to the link: 
The Clinical Setting
This is an ongoing series of clinical scenarios to improve your CLINICAL SKILLS.

RECOGNIZING ANASARCA IN THE CLINICAL SETTING


Hi guys,


Hope you had a good week. I have tried to simplify Anasarca, a condition which may be present in a number of conditions.
Anasarca (generalised edema)may have numerous causes. Heart problems, kidney and liver failure are some of the causes. Serous fluid seeps into the tissues and accumulates. There is usually an increase in the patient's weight. The edema may be pitting or non-pitting. In pitting edema, if the finger is pressed into the skin, a depression is left. The stretching of the skin, results in skin breakdown.
Have a great week!
For more information on ANASARCA visit:
http://www.dearnurses.net/the_clinical_setting_step_by_step (CHAPTER 10)

New nurses, enjoy visiting this site, specially written
for the new nurse. Liver and Kidney at Work

ANASARCA CAUSES AND TREATMENT


Heart failure as well as liver and kidney failure may lead to anasarca. Diuretics such as Lasix may be used to remove the excess fluid. Hemodialysis is another form of treatment used to remove the excess fluid in liver and kidney failure.
For more information on Anasarca visit: http://www.dearnurses.net/the_clinical_setting_step_by_step (chapter 10)

New nurses please visit Organ Failure and Transplantation

ANASARCA CAUSES AND TREATMENT

Anasarca may also be caused by low albumin(hypoalbuminemia), burns, corticosteriods and too much sodium.The goal is to correct the cause.
- improving the albumin in the blood by IV replacement of Albumin(ordered by MD).
- MD ordering a decrease in sodium intake or corticosteriods.

If there is a good flashback of blood from the vein it is more than likely the IV is in the vein. Coolness and discoloration may also be signs of IV infiltration.
FOR MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION ON IV INFILTRATION, PLEASE CLICK ON THE LINK: THE CLINICAL SETTING STEP BY STEP, chapter4.
For more information on ANASARCA visit:
http://www.dearnurses.net/the_clinical_setting_step_by_step - (CHAPTER 10)

INTRAVENOUS INFILTRATION

IV therapy is commonly used in the clinical setting. It is very important to assess and document the condition of the IV site. If your patient complains of pain or sensitivity at the IV site, immediate steps should be taken to carefully examine the site. There are drugs such as Dopamine , Dilantin and Potassium that may damage the soft tissue around the IV site, if there is an infiltration.
FOR MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION ON IV INFILTRATION, PLEASE CLICK ON THE LINKS: THE CLINICAL SETTING STEP BY STEP, chapter4.
Also Sessions 20 dearnurses.com/clinical_nursing_videos_called_sessions

 New Nurses, please visit our website specially designed for you
Blood Transfusion 

Saturday, October 06, 2007

ATRIAL FIBRILLATION ( CASE STUDY )


Dear nurses,
Are you having trouble understanding what happens in Atrial Fibrillation( page 24)?
A case study (page 21)has been done just for you. At the end of this case study, you should be able to :
- identify Atrial Fibrillation on the EKG.
- relate the treatment with medication and Cardioversion (Chapter 14)
- describe the effects and side effects of Heparin Therapy(Anticoagulation Therapy,Chapter 9)
New nurses visit Easy EKG Reading
Enjoy learning!

ASSESSMENT OF CHEST PAIN FOR NURSES

Dear nurses,

Are you having difficulty with your CLINICAL SKILLS? Do you know how to assess and document chest pain? Simply, click on to the link: " CHEST PAIN SERIES"and
your questions will be answered. You will learn how to :
- assess and intervene when there is chest pain.
- document findings and call for help.
You may also enjoy watching the video :

STROKE RELATED TO ATRIAL FIBRILLATION

Dear nurses,

How limited is your knowledge of the complications of Atrial Fibrillation ? To understand, please click on to the link: http://www.dearnurses.net/the_clinical_setting_step_by_step
( Chapter 11, Part 2).
Your patient will also benefit by understanding the correlation between Stroke and Atrial Fibrillation. Just click on the link for patient education of the layperson:
http://www.dearnurses.com/stroke_for_the_layperson_-_learning_the_visual_way

MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA


Hi guys,
Hope you had a good week. This week I have tried to simplify MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA. This is a rare, but life-threatening form of hyperthermia.
Certain inhaled anesthetic gases like Halothane, Desflurane and Sevoflurane may trigger this condition. Muscle relaxants like Succinylcholine(Anectine)may also be responsible. To learn more, simply click on the link:

MALIGNANT HYPERTHERMIA

A rapid rise in temperature, tachycardia, hypertension and increased muscle contractions are
symptoms of this condition.
Quick action to terminate the inhaled gas and cooling measures with ice, will help minimize damage to the body caused by hyperthermia. Dantrolene IV is known as the only effective drug.
To learn more about this topic, simply click on the link:

IDENTIFYING HYPERTHERMIA


Regardless of the cause, *hyperthermia if left untreated can be fatal. Quick action to correct the problem should always be a priority. Hyperthermia continues below. Enjoy learning more about the Clinical Setting.
* Chapter 7 (Febrile Seizures)

CAUSES OF HYPERTHERMIA


Hyperthermia may have many causes. Some are shown in the picture above. The hypothalamus is the temperature regulating center of the brain. Injury to this part of the brain may result in hyperthermia. Antipyretics are used to decrease the temperature and prevent hyperthermia. Cooling measures like a cooling blanket are also used.
Enjoy learning more about the Clinical Setting.

TREATMENT OF HYPERTHERMIA

PREVENTION OF HYPERTHERMIA IS BETTER THAN HAVING TO CURE IT! Avoid hyperthermia by taking simple steps to understand what happens when the rise in body temperature is not compatible with life. If you have outdoor plans like a picnic , swimming on a very hot day etc., be sure to have enough fluids and wear light-colored clothing. Avoid alcoholic beverages! Enjoy reading and learning more about the opposite condition:
Hypothermia.( PACU Care, ( Chapter 9).